Olive oil production is concentrated mainly in Mediterranean countries basin. According to the International Olive Oil Council (IOOC) statistics, during the 2010/2016 period, Spain, Greece, Tunisia and France produced a total amount of 1.742 millions tones which represents about 59.2% of the total worldwide produced quantity (IOOC, 2017). Oil extraction process generates huge amounts of both liquid (olive mill wastewater, OMW) and solid (Olive Solid Waste, OSW). Nowadays, the sustainable management of these wastes by using technically and economically viable technologies has been stressed by all the sector actors.

FERTICHAR project consortium is composed by partners from the main olive oil producers’ countries. The idea of the project is based on a recent established strategy for the recovery of the OMW (Haddad et al., 2017). This innovative strategy was proposed in the frame of a well established collaboration between the French and Tunisian partners. It included an impregnation of OMW on lignocellulosic biomass (sawdust) followed by a thermal treatment (slow pyrolysis) of this mixture. This investigation proved that it is possible to turn OMW from a pollutant source to green fuels, and biofertilizers (nutrient-enriched-biochars) producer.

The main purposes of the present project are:

i) to quantify and to characterize the olive oil residues generated by the different extraction system available in the Mediterranean countries,

ii) to produce and characterize diverse nutrients-enriched biochars (slow pyrolysis) and nutrients-enriched hydrochars (hydrothermal carbonization) from impregnated OSW by OMW under different experimental conditions,

iii) to select the suitable chars, to be used as fertilizers, on the basis of in-depth physico-chemical characterization, and

iv) to apply these two produced nutrients-enriched-chars as amendments for olive trees in logic of the “circular economy” concept and also for crops with high economical added value under different scales (laboratory and field).

During these experiments, crops growth in relation with nutrients availability, dissolved organic pollutants transport, irrigated water flow and bacterial activity will be measured and simulated by using an appropriate numerical code.

The main outcomes of this project will be exploited, disseminated and communicated to the concerned actors (olive mill owners, farmers, public organisms in charge of olive sector, agriculture, environment and scientists), through the implementation of specific convivial tools.

Bandeau ARIMNET 1 V2


Agriculture and food systems in the Mediterranean basin face a number of common problems related to the management of natural resources (in particular soil, water and biodiversity), the propagation and emergence of animal and plant diseases and the impact of climate change on the productivity and sustainability of agricultural and food systems. These issues need to be addressed through a stronger scientific cooperation between EU Member states and countries from the Mediterranean area. Euro-Mediterranean cooperation in the field of research, development and innovation (RDI) has indeed a major role to play in delivering economic, environmental and social benefits at a wide scale and must be supported by adequate policies and instruments.

ARIMNet2 (Coordination of Agricultural Research in the Mediterranean; 2014-2017; is an ERA-NET Action financed by the European Union under the Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration, aimed at enhancing the coordination of agricultural research in the Mediterranean area and strengthening the cooperation among stakeholders from the food and agriculture sector (e.g. researchers, farmers and their organisations, agricultural extension services, agribusinesses, policy-makers, funders, etc.)

ARIMNet2 builds upon ARIMNet (Coordination of Agricultural Research in the Mediterranean Area; 2008-2013), which was launched in 2008 as the first ERA-NET action bringing together Mediterranean countries from the EU and from the Eastern and Southern Mediterranean shores. 

While ARIMNet involved 13 partners (funding agencies and research institutions) from 12 Mediterranean countries (Algeria, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia and Turkey), ARIMNet2 gathers 24 partners (funding agencies and research institutions) from 15 Mediterranean countries (Algeria, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Malta, Morocco, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Tunisia and Turkey).

At the crossroad of thematic (led by FACCE-JPI) and regional (Mediterranean) issues, ARIMNet2 operates as a network identifying scientific priorities, providing funding and reinforcing research cooperation opportunities to address the huge societal challenges faced by the whole Mediterranean area and their implications for the agricultural sector ranging from food  production, to water and natural resources use and rural development.

ARIMNet2 aims to:

  • Develop an Integrated Strategic Research Agenda (ISRA) describing the key priorities for the European Union and Mediterranean countries in the field of Mediterranean agriculture research, development and innovation;
  • Consolidate thecooperation mechanism initiated during ARIMNet between Mediterranean countries through the implementation of joint calls for transnational research projects and the elaboration of guidelines for monitoring the projects funded through these calls.
  • Develop joint activities of strategic importance for the partners and the region, related to the training, mobility and networking of researchers (especially young ones), and the sharing and valorisation of infrastructure and data. These activities contribute: a) to establish a common vision on agricultural research and innovation by sharing objectives and priorities; b) to intensify scientific exchanges among researchers and stakeholders from the Mediterranean area and subsequently boost knowledge generation and innovation; c) to strengthen the coordination and coherence of the research programmes between regional and national institutions; d) to support capacity building in scientific methods, concepts and infrastructure management;
  • To feed and expand to the Mediterranean region the reflection on Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation Systems (AKIS) that has been developing in the EU, in order to reinforce the positive impact of research on the development and economy of the region.


ARIMNet2 is an ERA-NET Action financed by the European Union under the Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration, aimed at enhancing the coordination of agricultural research in the Mediterranean area and strengthening the cooperation among stakeholders from the food and agriculture sector.



IS2M, Institut de Science des Matériaux de Mulhouse

3 bis, rue Alfred Werner
68093 Mulhouse cedex

(+33)3 89 60 87 00

(+33)3 89 60 87 99

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